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Krias Yam Suf: National Inception (Parshas Beshalach)

parsha sefer shemos Jan 26, 2021
 

 

Moshe had fallen asleep in math class again. Balancing his advanced math courses and his personal life was difficult, and he wasn't sleeping as much as he should be. But he was determined, aspiring to achieve greatness in this field. He loved numbers, always had, and enjoyed connecting his mathematical aspirations with his spiritual growth. But sleep was a rare commodity these days.

 

Rubbing his eyes, Moshe saw everyone making their way out of the classroom. “Class must be over,” he realized. As he walked out, he noticed two homework problems on the board. He wrote them down and made a commitment to himself. No more slacking off, no more sleeping in class. He was going to solve both of these problems, no matter how much time it took. But he had no idea what he was in for. After spending the entire week tirelessly working on these problems, he still hadn't solved either of them. But failing was not an option, so he continued to work on them. He read everything he could get his hands on, thought of every possible solution, and simply refused to give up. Finally, at three a.m. the night before the next class, he had a breakthrough. Everything suddenly came together, the pieces fell into place, and he solved the first problem. But no matter how hard he tried, he could not solve the second one. Still, he had given his full effort, and with that he was satisfied.

 

The next morning, he came to class early and handed in his homework. "I'm sorry, I was only able to solve one of the problems," he apologized to his professor. His professor looked at him with confusion. "What homework?" he asked. "The two problems you wrote on the board in class last week," Moshe explained, now confused as well. As the professor looked over Moshe's work, his face turned white. "That wasn't homework," the professor said, his voice breaking with excitement. "Those were two mathematical problems that nobody has ever been able to solve! You just achieved the impossible!"

 

Krias Yam Suf

 

In Parshas Beshalach, Klal Yisrael have just witnessed the miracles of Yetzias Mitzrayim (the Exodus from Egypt) and are now traveling towards Har Sinai, ready to receive the Torah. In between, however, lies an extraordinary event: Krias Yam Suf - the splitting of the Red Sea (or Sea of Reeds). One can ask, though, why Krias Yam Suf was even necessary. Why couldn't the Jews go straight from the spiritual high and miracles of Yetzias Mitzrayim to the experience of Matan Torah (receiving the Torah)? Why did they first have to pass through the sea? This question is strengthened by the commentators who point out that this journey through the Yam Suf appears to be pointless. After all, Chazal explain that Klal Yisrael exited on the very same side of the Yam Suf that they entered![1] If Hashem simply wanted to destroy the Egyptians, there were easier ways to accomplish this. What was the purpose of such a journey?

 

The commentators explain that Krias Yam Suf was in fact a necessary step before the Jews could receive the Torah, but their reasoning is enigmatic. They emphasize the need for the Jewish People to pass through the waters of the Yam Suf in order to be prepared and capable of receiving the Torah. The question we must then ask is: what is the significance of water, especially in regards to the Jewish People's journey from Mitzrayim to Har Sinai?

 

Yetzias Mitzrayim: A National Birth

 

The Maharal[2] explains that Yetzias Mitzrayim was not merely a physical process, in which the Jewish People departed from the land of Egypt and traveled to a different physical location. It was a spiritual metamorphosis, an existential transition, the birth of a people. Prior to leaving Mitzrayim, Bnei Yisrael were a collective of individuals, but upon leaving, we became a nation, a single people, a unified whole.

 

Water as the Medium of Creation[3]

 

The Maharal[4] explains that the fundamental nature of water lies in the fact that it is formless. Water has no independent form of its own, it adopts the shape of its container.[5] The ocean is completely formless, and unlike dry land, it has no pathways or landmarks. This attribute of water reflects its essence. Water represents the initial stage in every creative process. Before something becomes expressed and takes on form, it exists in a formless, amorphous state. Through the creative process, physical form emerges from this intangible, formless root. This is why the Torah states that during the creation of the world, there was initially only water. Only afterwards did dry land emerge from the water.[6]

 

Destroying or Recreating?

 

This theme of water as the medium of creation is also prominent in Parshas Noach, when the mabul (flood) covered the world with water. The deep secret behind the flood is that Hashem was not destroying the world, He was recreating it. The Dor Ha'Mabul (generation of the flood) became so corrupted that Hashem decided to start over with Noach alone. Hashem therefore immersed the world in water so that it could return to its primordial state of formlessness and void. Only once it reverted back to its original state could the dry land once again emerge from the waters, recreated and reformed. And only once the dry land emerged, and the world was birthed once more, could Noach leave the teivah (ark).

 

Personal Creation

 

This deep nature and purpose of water also explains why we are surrounded by amniotic fluids while we are in the womb. Just as during creation, the physical world of form emerged from formless water, each of us has our own creation story, and therefore, we each emerge from our own waters; our birth is like the birth of a new world.[7]

 

As we previously discussed, while we were in the womb, a malach (angel) taught us kol ha'Torah kulah (all of Torah).[8]As the Vilna Gaon explains, this refers to the deepest realms of Torah, a transcendent Torah that lies far beyond this world, beyond the confines of space and time. This Torah is the very root of reality, and we are granted complete understanding of its every detail. Not only were you shown this level of Torah, but you learned your specific share of Torah- you were shown your unique purpose in the world, and how your unique role fits into the larger scheme of the human story as a whole. You were given a taste of your own perfection, of what you could, should, and hopefully will become. And from this transcendent realm, you were birthed into the physical world, emerging from these formless waters with the mission to give form and actualize everything you were shown in the womb.

 

National Creation

 

This same idea explains why the Jewish People had to immerse within the waters of the Yam Suf between leaving Mitzrayim and receiving the Torah. Yetzias Mitzrayim began the process of the creation and birth of the Jewish People as a nation. When they immersed in the waters of the Yam Suf they went through the transformative process of being born as a nation. Just as the creation and recreation of the world were accomplished through water, the Jewish People as a nation had to be formed through water as well. In essence, the splitting of the Yam Suf is comparable to a pregnant woman's water breaking. Klal Yisrael entered the Yam Suf as individuals, but emerged reborn, as a nation.

 

Equally important, this process of recreation and rebirth allowed Klal Yisrael to go through a transformational metamorphosis, leaving behind the shackles of their slave mentality. When they emerged from the waters of the Yam Suf, they were elevated to a state where they were now both capable and ready to receive the Torah, accepting and embracing their lofty mission in this world. Let us now delve a bit deeper into the birth of the Jewish People and show how Yetzias Mitzrayim encapsulates this principle.

 

Nisan vs. Tishrei

 

The Gemara[9] discusses whether the world was created in Tishrei or Nisan. Many commentators attempt to resolve this tension by explaining the truth behind each perspective. Rashi suggests that while we count the years from Tishrei, because the world was created in Tishrei, we count the months by Nisan. Tosafos suggests that while Hashem “decided” to create the world in Tishrei, establishing the potential for the world’s creation, he actualized that potential in Nisan.[10]A third, perhaps more pertinent explanation is that while humanity as a whole was created in Tishrei, Klal Yisrael as a nation was created in Nisan; the creation of Klal Yisrael as a nation ushered in a new stage in world history.[11] Thus, we see that Yetzias Mitzrayim was the cosmic moment of creation for Klal Yisrael as a nation.

 

Chodesh- Recreation of Identity

 

Upon leaving Egypt as a newly formed nation, the first mitzvah the Jewish People received was the commandment to declare the new month, "Ha'chodesh hazeh lachem rosh chadashim" – This month shall be for you as the head of months.[12] Why is this the first mitzvah the Jewish People are given, right at the moment of their formation? This seems like a secondary concept, paling in comparison to mitzvos such as Shabbos, bris milah, and other such prominent mitzvos. What is unique about declaring the new month?

 

Upon leaving Egypt, the Jewish People experienced their own birth, their inception as a nation. In doing so, they had to recreate themselves, shedding their slave mentality, and embracing their transcendent purpose as they headed towards Matan Torah. To do so, they needed to receive the koach (power) of newness and control over time. A slave has no power over time, no responsibility, no sense of purpose. The Hebrew word for month, chodesh, also spells chadash, which means new. As part of our birth, we were given a new identity, we were given control over time, and we were given the mission of traveling towards Har Sinai, where we would be entrusted with our ultimate purpose in receiving the Torah.[13]

 

Korban Pesach

 

This idea - that Yetzias Mitzrayim was the birth of the Jewish People – explains many of the seemingly peculiar halachos of the Korban Pesach (sacrificial lamb) that Klal Yisrael ate the night before leaving Egypt. This lamb had to be one year old, roasted, not cut up or broken in any way, eaten within a single house, and eaten within a chabura (group of people).

 

The Maharal[14] explains that each of these halachos reflects a single concept: the creation of the oneness of Klal Yisrael. On the first night of Pesach, we became a single nation, and the features of the Korban Pesach reflect this oneness:

  • We eat a one-year old lamb.
  • It must be roasted, not cooked or boiled, because only roasting leaves the meat whole- remaining one - whereas cooking and boiling cause the meat to separate into pieces.
  • It must be roasted whole, not cut up at all.
  • One cannot break a single bone while eating the Korban Pesach, in order to maintain the oneness of the lamb.
  • It has to be eaten in one home, as part of a chabura (group), in order to bring family and friends together into a single unified group, reflecting the oneness of Klal Yisrael.[15]

 

Chazal[16] quote an opinion stating that whenever a convert enters into the Jewish nation, he or she should bring a Korban Pesach, regardless of the time of year. The meaning of this is profound: the Korban Pesach is the means of joining the oneness of Klal Yisrael, as this is what we did in Mitzrayim when we originally became the Jewish People.

 

Mikvah: Personal Re-Creation

 

Having shown that water serves as the means of recreation, as in its role within Krias Yam Suf, we can now understand the unique mitzvah of entering the waters of a mikvah. When we immerse ourselves in the waters of the mikvah, we return to a pure, formless state - the original state of perfection that we possessed while in the womb. By returning to our root and reconnecting to our higher selves, we "wash" away our spiritual impurity. When we emerge, we emerge reborn. It is as if we have been recreated, taking on form and shape for the first time. The process of emerging from the mikvah is comparable to the dry land emerging from the primordial waters.

 

This sheds light on the unique circumstances that require immersion in a mikvah. For example, a Jewish convert (ger) immerses in the waters of a mikvah as the final step in the conversion process. This is because a Jewish convert is considered to be born anew “(ger ke'katan she’nolad dami”).[17] The convert immerses in the waters of the mikvah, the medium of recreation, and emerges reborn. He or she entered as an old version of him or herself, but emerges anew - reborn, ready for a new way of life.

 

Pre-Requisite for Matan Torah

 

Before the Jewish People could receive the Torah, they had to be reborn, recreated with a new identity both as individuals and as a nation. In next week’s parsha, Parshas Yisro, we read about Matan Torah. As we read about the Jewish People receiving the Torah, we must realize that we are not simply remembering what happened thousands of years ago, we are re-experiencing this transformative event ourselves, on an entirely new level.[18] As we prepare to re-accept the Torah, we must go through our very own Krias Yam Suf, our own process of self-transformation and rebirth, so that we can accept the Torah with the utmost desire and commitment.

 

Choosing Our Identity

 

Every day, we get to choose who we are, what we believe in, and how we are going to live our lives. Each morning, we get to create our identity. We are never stuck in the patterns of our past; each day we begin anew. We must look deep within ourselves and recreate ourselves for the better, taking our lives to the next level of spiritual growth. We can’t continue living the same way simply because it’s comfortable, or because we’re used to it. We must challenge ourselves daily, constantly pushing ourselves to become the very best we can be.[19] This year, as we read about Krias Yam Suf, may we each be inspired to undergo a genuine rebirth in our own personal lives, develop a more empowering identity, and prepare ourselves to experience a true Matan Torah.

 

[1] See Arachin 15a and Tosafos there. See also Chizkuni, Shemos 14:22.

[2] Gevuros Hashem, Chapter 55.

[3] Many ideas from this chapter appear in the chapter on Parshas Noach. While there is overlap, there are fundamentally new ideas and applications in both chapters.

[4] Gevuros Hashem, Chapter 19.

[5] It is pure chomer, without any tzurah.

[6] Bereishis 1:9.

[7] Sanhedrin 37a.

[8] Niddah 30b. For a more in-depth discussion of this topic, see chapter on Parshas Bereishis, section: “Your Creation Story”. See also chapter on Parshas Mishpatim.

[9] Rosh Hashana 10b.

[10] See chapter on Parshas Re’eh, section: “The Power of Decision”, for a detailed discussion of the validity and spiritual significance of making a decision.

[11] This is also a possible explanation of Rashi’s opinion.

[12] Shemos 12:2.

[13] For further discussion of the significance of counting by months, see chapter on Parshas Ha’Azinu, section: “Judaism: A Religion of Newness”.

[14] Gevuros Hashem, Chapter 60.

[15] Whereby each of the individuals are part of a whole greater than themselves.

[16] See Sifrei in Beha'alosecha.

[17] Yevamos 22a.

[18] See chapter on the holiday of Shavuos more a more detailed discussion of this concept, and deep cyclical nature of time.

[19] See chapter on Parshas Vayeira for a detailed and deeper explanation of “afar v’efer” and how Avraham would constantly break himself down in order to rebuild himself anew.

 

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